Who is eligible for the State Pension?
Eligibility for the State Pension is based on your National Insurance record, that is, the number of years in which you’ve either made National Insurance contributions (through employment or voluntarily) or received National Insurance credits (while unemployed, ill or raising children, for example).
To claim the full State Pension, you’ll need at least 35 qualifying years on your National Insurance record. If you have less than 35 but more than 10, you’ll be entitled to a reduced amount. With less than 10 qualifying years, you are not eligible for the State Pension.
When will you receive the State Pension?
The current State Pension age is 66, but it is rising over time. By 2028, it will be 67, and by 2046 it will increase to 68. Plans that are currently being discussed could bring that increase forward to between 2037 and 2039, affecting anyone born after 1970.
How much will you receive?
The current full State Pension is £175.20 a week but will increase to £179.60 on 6 April 2021. It will continue to increase every year, either by 2.5%, by the average growth in earnings, or by the average growth in prices (whichever is highest).
If you are eligible to a reduced State Pension based on your National Insurance record, the amount you receive is based on the number of qualifying years you have. You can estimate this amount by dividing the full State Pension by 35 and multiplying by the number of years on your National Insurance record, for example, for 10 years, your estimate would be around £50 a week.
If you’d like to increase the amount you are entitled to, you could fill gaps in your National Insurance record by making voluntary contributions.
Is the State Pension enough to live on?
Even if you are entitled to the full State Pension, you should have other savings to improve your standard of living in retirement.
Most people have some savings in a workplace pension, and you might also consider a personal pension to help you reach your savings goal.
Retirement might seem a long way off. And if that’s the case, then great, because you’re in the best position to start planning for what should be the longest holiday of your life.